[ Skip to main content ]

This opinion piece first appeared in the print edition of the Dominion Post on Monday 31 August and it can be viewed online here.

1 Naloxone package in hands

Today is International Overdose Awareness Day.

Nearly every week in New Zealand a person dies from an opioid overdose. If you're not aware of our overdose problem, you're not alone - we don't like to talk openly about intravenous drug use in Aotearoa.

And in the rare times that we do, we often stigmatise: he's a "hopeless junkie", she's "drug-crazed", they're "fiends". As a society we frown on injecting drug users as second-class citizens.

It's hard enough already for families to lose a loved one – a parent, a child, a sibling, a best friend. It's harder still when society tells families that their loved one's lives were worth less because they died from injecting drugs.

A public double standard was evident during the national panic over synthetic cannabinoids: not a single Kiwi died as a direct result of those substances, but journalists, communities and politicians didn't rest until something – anything – was done. With opioid overdoses, though, we seem comfortable to let people die.

But the frustrating thing of all is that many of these overdose deaths are completely preventable.

Naloxone is an opioid-reversal drug used to prevent a fatal overdose. It works by taking the place of opioids' impact on the brain's receptors, temporarily stopping all the opioid's effects. Think of it like an Epipen used for a severe allergic reaction.

There are a number of things that should be done to increase access to naloxone. The first thing we should do is provide training for people who inject drugs about overdose prevention and giving them naloxone when they attend a needle exchange.

Encouragingly, the Government has signalled a supportive new position. The National Drug Policy 2015-2020 (NDP), released last Wednesday, is guided by three principles: compassion, innovation and proportion.

The Government will use opioid overdose figures as NDP indicators of success in reducing drug-related illness and injury. So they're now acknowledging the problem. But a new reporting requirement will do nothing to prevent users from overdosing unless it's accompanied by meaningful action.

A policy guided by compassion should extend the accessibility and availability of naloxone. People who inject drugs who access the Needle Exchange or a treatment facility, and prisoners, should be taught how to use naloxone to save a friend's life from an overdose. These policies already exist in Australia, Scotland and the United States, and they save lives.

And a policy guided by proportion certainly wouldn't allow an overdose bystander to be criminalised for calling emergency services for help. Currently there is no "good samaritan" law in New Zealand, meaning that if you inject a friend and they OD, and then you call the ambulance for help, the police can arrive and arrest you. This fear of arrest means people won't call an ambulance.

Our failure to recognise that all lives have equal value has meant that until now we have failed to prevent unnecessary deaths.

The Government has the ability to act now to prevent dozens of deaths each year. Naloxone saves lives and needs to be made available to those who need it.

Ross Bell is the Executive Director of the New Zealand Drug Foundation


Related See more

MoS july 2019 thumbnail opioid crisis

New options to avert North American opioid crisis

David Young investigates the opioid crisis in North America. Are new approaches and more resources needed? What form should they take?

MoS Nov 2018 thumbnail needle ex

Needle exchanges at 30: Looking back, moving forward

New Zealand Needle Exchange Executive Director Kathryn Leafe takes us back to the early days of needle exchange in New Zealand, detailing ho...

benedikt fischer thumbnail

Two sides of Canadian drug policy: 2018 AGM talk

Get an update on Canadian drug policy at our AGM, from leading scientist Professor Benedikt Fischer who very recently arrived in Auckland fr...

synthetics update thumbnail

Urgent synthetics response underway

The Drug Foundation is teaming up with over a dozen organisations to support the Ministry of Health in developing a coordinated response to ...

DYK stock guys 260x260px

Did You Know

Conversation tools for parents, caregivers and youth workers to help your young person make safer decisions about drugs

Learn more

Footer Banner 260x260

It's time to control cannabis

There are many good reasons to Vote Yes in the cannabis control referendum. Find out why.

Learn more

Back to top